Our official reason for entering the country was to report on

Slavery’s last stronghold

canada goose outlet in uk Recent history: Gained independence from canada goose outlet online uk France in 1960. Aziz came to power in a military coup in 2008, overthrowing first democratically elected leader. Aziz was elected in 2009 as a way to validate his rule. canada goose outlet in uk

Sources: United Nations, Encyclopedia official canada goose outlet Britannica, CIA World Factbook, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, “Disposable People,” BBC Country Profiles

canada goose outlet mississauga only had my tears to console me, she would later tell anti slavery activists, according to a written testimony. cried a lot for my daughter and for the situation canada goose jacket outlet I was in. Instead of understanding, they ordered canada goose outlet me to shut up. Otherwise, they would make things worse for me so bad that I wouldn be able to endure it. canada goose outlet mississauga

canada goose outlet shop Moulkheir told her story canada goose outlet sale to CNN in December, when a reporter and videographer visited Mauritania a vast, bone dry nation on the western fringe of the Sahara to document slavery in the place where the practice is arguably more common, more readily accepted and more intractable than anywhere else on Earth. canada goose outlet shop

canada goose coats uk An estimated 10% to 20% of Mauritania 3.4 million people are enslaved in slavery, according to the United Nations special rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, Gulnara Shahinian. If that not unbelievable enough, consider that Mauritania was the last country in the world to abolish slavery. That happened in 1981, nearly 120 years after Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in the United States. It wasn until canada goose outlet parka five years ago, in 2007, that Mauritania passed a law that criminalized the act of owning another person. So far, only one case has been successfully prosecuted. canada goose coats uk

canada goose outlet price The country is goose outlet canada slavery last stronghold. canada goose outlet price

canada goose womens outlet Even knowing those facts before we departed, what we found on the ground in West Africa astonished us. Mauritania feels stuck in time in ways both quaint and sinister. It a place where camels and goats roam the streets alongside dented French sedans; where silky sand dunes give the land the look of a meringue pie topping; where desert winds play with the cloaks of canada goose outlet reviews nomadic herdsmen, making their silhouettes look like dancing flames on the horizon; and where, incredibly, the nuances of a person skin color and family history determine whether he or she will be canada goose outlet online free or enslaved. canada goose womens outlet

canada goose outlet location That reality permeates every aspect of Mauritanian life from the dark skinned boys who serve mint flavored tea at restaurants to the clothes people wear. A man wearing a powder blue garment that billows at the arms and has fancy gold embroidery on the chest is almost certainly free and comes from the traditional slave owning class of White Moors, who are lighter skinned Arabs. A woman in a loud tie dye print that covers her hair, but not her arms, is likely a slave. Her arms are exposed, against custom, so she can work. canada goose outlet location

It a maddening, complicated place one made all the more difficult for outsiders to understand because no one is allowed to talk about slavery. When we confronted the country minister of rural development about slavery existence, Brahim Ould M Ould Med El Moctar told us his country is among the freest in the world. people are free in Mauritania and canada goose black friday sale this phenomenon (of slavery) canada goose outlet toronto factory no longer exists, canada goose http://www.canadagoosesalesus.com outlet shop he said.

canada goose outlet new york city The issue is so sensitive here that we had to conduct most of our interviews in secret, often in the middle of the night and in covert locations. The only other option was to do them in the presence of a government minder, who was assigned to our group by the Ministry of Communications to ensure we didn mention the topic. Our official reason for entering the country was to report on the science of locust swarms; our contacts for that story were unaware of our plan to research slavery. canada goose outlet new york city

If we were caught talking with an escaped slave like Moulkheir, we could have been arrested or thrown out of the country without our notebooks and footage. That point was made clear to us in a meeting with the national director of audiovisual communications, Mohamed Yahya Ould Haye, who told us journalists who attempted to report on such topics were jailed or ejected from the country.

canada goose outlet toronto factory More important, getting caught talking about slavery could have put our sources at risk. Anti slavery activists say they have been arrested and tortured for their work. canada goose outlet toronto canada goose outlet factory

canada goose outlet store uk When canada goose outlet store we met Moulkheir in a gray, open air office in Nouakchott, Mauritania seaside capital city where concrete buildings are scattered on the Sahara like Legos in a sandbox, our hired security guard stood watch at the door to make sure no government representatives were following us, as they had during other parts of our visit. canada goose outlet store uk

Moulkheir, who is in her 40s, wore a bright blue headscarf and matching dress. She was brave enough to tell her tale with poise and unflinching resolve. She did so in hopes her former masters would be brought to justice. She was aware that telling her story could put her in danger but asked to be named and to have her photograph shown. am not afraid of anyone, she said.

canada goose factory outlet toronto location As she recounted her torture, imprisonment and escape, her hands gestured wildly but her eyes stayed focused, with dart like precision, on mine. canada goose factory outlet toronto location

canada goose outlet germany Listening to her story, two facts became painfully clear: canada goose outlet germany

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Moulkheir was born a slave in the northern deserts of Mauritania, where the sand dunes are pocked with thorny acacia trees. As a child, she talked more frequently with camels than people, spending days at a time in the Sahara, tending to her master herd. She rose before dawn and toiled into the night, pounding millet to make food, milking livestock, cleaning and doing laundry. She never was paid for her work. was like an animal living with animals, she said.

Slave masters in Mauritania exercise full ownership over their slaves. They can send them away at will, and it common for canada goose outlet store uk a master to give away a young slave as a wedding present. This practice tears families apart; Moulkheir never knew her mother and barely knew her father.

canada goose outlet in chicago Most slave families in Mauritania consist of dark skinned people whose ancestors were captured by lighter canada goose outlet new york city skinned Arab Berbers centuries ago. Slaves typically are not bought and sold only given as gifts, and bound for life. Their offspring automatically become slaves, too canada goose outlet in chicago.

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